Mouth, Toothache

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What is TMJ Disorder and what causes it?

28 Oct 2015
What is TMJ Disorder and what causes it? News image

Dr Duncan Copp

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the jawbone with the temporal bone of the skull, and there is one on each side of the face.

TMJ Disorder refers to symptoms that develop as a result of the dysfunction of this joint.

Patients suffering from TMJ Disorder may not always be aware of what the cause of their discomfort is from, due to the myriad of symptoms that can be associated with the disorder.

The best option is for an individual to speak with a qualified dental professional if he or she believes they may be experiencing the condition.

Many of the symptoms of TMJ Disorder overlap with other unrelated conditions, which can make this issue more difficult for patients to recognise as a dental concern.

Some examples that could signal a joint ailment include:

  • Jaw or facial pain
  • Headaches
  • Earaches
  • Popping or clicking sensation in the jaw
  • Problems chewing, swallowing, or opening and closing the mouth
  • Ringing in the ears

The causes of TMJ Disorder are also numerous.

Some of the most common contributing factors are an imbalanced or misaligned bite, arthritis, overuse, and teeth grinding or clenching.

This condition can significantly impact an individual's quality of life, however, there are a multitude of effective treatment options available that can help to address the causes and treat the symptoms of TMJ Disorder.

Dysfunction of the TMJ affects millions of people around the world.

While the discomfort may be minimal at first, patients may experience increasing levels of pain or damage over time.

If you are concerned you may have TMJ Disorder it is best to schedule an appointment with a trusted dentist with extensive experience treating this condition. 


Dr Duncan Copp is from The Paddington Dental Surgery in Sydney. The Paddington Dental Surgery offers a comprehensive selection of state-of-the-art dental treatments including general, restorative, and cosmetic options, including sedation dentistry and holistic approaches to dental care.

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